Following the Pack: The Logistics of Moving the Tour de France

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reviewed by Rory McAllister
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Imagine planning your summer vacation. Now, imagine planning a vacation for not just your family, but for 176 cyclists, their support teams, a vast media crew, and a legion of enthusiastic fans. That’s a small glimpse into the Tour de France logistics.

Established in 1903, the Tour de France is more than just the world’s premier cycling race – it’s a moving city that travels across the diverse landscapes of France for three weeks. 

This spectacular event is not only a celebration of athletic prowess but also an unsung testament to the immense behind-the-scenes logistics that keep the wheels turning, year after year. 

This article lifts the curtain on the mammoth task of orchestrating the world’s biggest and most prestigious cycling race. Fasten your helmet, it’s time to join the ride!

We’ll be covering:

  • Scale Of The Event
  • The Participants And Their Equipment
  • Feeding The Pack
  • Media Logistics
  • Spectators
  • Behind The Scenes: The Race Organization
  • Environmental Considerations

Let’s dive in!

The Tour de France logistics press event before the final stage.
© A.S.O./Pauline Ballet

Scale of the Event

The Tour de France features 22 international teams, each boasting eight elite cyclists.

If we do the math, that’s a staggering 176 competitors pedaling their way through the challenging terrain of France.

The riders cover approximately 3,500 kilometers – 21 demanding stages spread across 23 days. That’s roughly the distance from Miami to Seattle.

The Participants and Their Equipment

Every morning, a small town wakes up, packs its belongings, and moves to a new location—a different town or a serene rural landscape.

Now let’s break down the elements of this moving town, from the riders to the equipment.

the Teams

Starting with the riders, each requiring accommodation, meals, and medical attention, but also support staff to help with everything from strategy to emotional support.

These support teams, usually around 30 people per team, include managers, coaches, mechanics, soigneurs (a French term for caregivers who assist with massage and daily needs), and medical staff.

A bike mechanic replaces the rear wheel of a Tour de France bike during a race.
© A.S.O./Thomas Maheux


Each rider has at least two primary bikes, and teams often bring multiple spare bikes and a huge array of spare parts. These bikes, valued at several thousand dollars each, require constant attention to keep them race-ready.

Mechanics often find themselves working late into the night in mobile workshops – often a bus or a truck – performing precise tune-ups or significant repairs to keep these machines humming.

Speaking of buses and trucks, they’re an indispensable part of the traveling caravan.

They not only transport equipment but also act as mobile headquarters where riders can have meetings, eat meals, and sometimes even receive medical treatment.

However, navigating these large vehicles through narrow and crowded French roads can present its own set of challenges.

The most notable example occurred in 2013 when the Orica-GreenEdge team bus got wedged under the finish line banner on the first stage in Bastia, Corsica. With cyclists fast approaching, there was a frantic race against time to free the bus and clear the finish line.

In the end, the bus was deflated and driven away just in time, but not before causing a considerable amount of stress, changes, and crashes in the stage’s final kilometers.

Feeding the Pack

A breakfast similar to those eaten by Tour de France riders.

With the energy demands of the cyclists, coupled with the needs of support staff and media personnel, keeping everyone nourished is a task akin to running a large-scale, mobile, high-performance restaurant.

First, let’s talk about the cyclists. These athletes aren’t merely burning through thousands of calories each day; they’re doing so in an intensely physical and stressful competition.

This means they require not just a large quantity of food but also meals that are precisely calibrated for their nutritional needs:

  • High in carbohydrates for energy
  • Rich in protein for muscle recovery
  • Packed with various vitamins and minerals essential for endurance and performance

To meet these exacting standards, many teams employ their own professional chefs. They travel with the team, working in the confines of mobile kitchens or utilizing the facilities at each day’s accommodations.

These aren’t just any chefs; they’re culinary experts attuned to the specific dietary needs of high-performance athletes.

They’re tasked with sourcing fresh, local ingredients, often from local markets, and transforming them into meals that are both delicious and nutritionally optimized.

And the responsibility doesn’t stop at feeding the cyclists.

There’s also the substantial entourage of support staff, team officials, and media personnel to consider.

Feeding this diverse group is a separate challenge, requiring meals that cater to different preferences and dietary restrictions while also being easy to prepare and serve amidst the daily bustle of the Tour.

Remember, all this happens on the move.

Each day, the chefs must pack up their mobile kitchens, transport them to the next location, and start all over again.

They must plan ahead for each stage, factoring in things like travel time, available local ingredients, and the specific nutritional requirements based on the day’s race demands.

Julian Alaphilippe talks to the press following a Tour de France stage.
© A.S.O./Pauline Ballet

Media Logistics

Delivering the Tour de France to a global audience requires an incredibly complex and vast media operation. Just like the race itself, it involves many moving parts, all working in unison to provide an immersive and real-time experience for billions of viewers.

The event garners a staggering global reach, with an estimated 3.5 billion people from 190 countries tuning in via television and digital platforms.

These numbers are comparable to some of the world’s biggest sporting events, including the Olympics and the FIFA World Cup.

Physical equipment

The media utilize a diverse range of tools, from traditional broadcast cameras to lightweight digital devices, drone cameras, and even cameras mounted on bikes and motorbikes.

This variety of tools allows for capturing the race from every possible angle, providing audiences with both bird’s-eye views and close-ups of the action.

All this equipment must be transported, set up, tested, and operated at each stage of the race – a mammoth task considering the various terrains and weather conditions involved.

The media operation also involves numerous personnel. Broadcast crews, journalists, photographers, social media experts, and technical staff are all part of the team that brings the Tour de France to screens worldwide.

Carlos Rodriguez speaks to the press after winning Stage 14 of the Tour de France 2023.
© A.S.O./Charly Lopez

Media centers at each finish line

These centers provide workspace for hundreds of media personnel, complete with power, internet connectivity, and sometimes even catering. They are often the first to be set up and the last to be packed away at each stage.

On the digital front, official websites, social media platforms, and mobile apps play a crucial role in disseminating real-time information.

They provide live updates, interactive stage maps, rider profiles, details like wind direction and speed, post-race analyses, interviews, and stories that humanize the riders and their experiences.

These platforms require dedicated teams to manage content, respond to user queries, and ensure the smooth running of digital services.

Broadcasting the Tour de France also involves close collaboration with various stakeholders, including teams, riders, race organizers, local authorities, and even fans.

An excellent example of this human touch in action is the Netflix documentary Tour de France: Unchained. This eight-episode series offers behind-the-scenes access to the 2022 Tour de France, following multiple teams from the start line to the podium.

It showcases the highs and lows of the race and includes intimate interviews with team managers, journalists, and, most importantly, the riders themselves.


Lastly, given the global viewership of the Tour, media content must be produced in multiple languages and tailored to different cultural contexts.

This requires a team of translators and cultural experts, further adding to the complexity of the operation.

Didi the Devil waits at the side of the road for the Tour de France.
© A.S.O./Aurélien Vialatte


The Tour de France is unique in that spectators can get incredibly close to the action. Millions of fans, from locals to international tourists, young and old, lining the route each day.

It’s not uncommon to see spectators camping out days in advance to secure the best viewing spots. Talk about dedication!

This requires extensive planning and coordination to ensure safety.

In the final kilometers of each stage, barriers are put up to create a secure corridor for the riders to sprint to the finish line.

These last barriered kilometers demand meticulous setup and removal within a tight timeframe, but security measures extend beyond the barriers.

With so many spectators spread across a vast geographical area, local law enforcement, private security firms, and even the French Gendarmerie are brought in to manage the crowds, direct traffic, and respond to emergencies.

A young cycling fan roars the Tour de France past.
© A.S.O./Pauline Ballet

Their presence is vital in ensuring that the celebration around the race doesn’t impede the race itself or endanger the safety of the spectators.

Spectator management also includes dealing with access to certain race routes. 

For example, locations like the Puy de Dôme – a stunning volcanic peak in central France – are no longer accessible to the fans due to their UNESCO designation.

Navigating these restrictions while still providing exciting and challenging race routes is a key part of the planning process.

And then there’s the “Publicity Caravan”, a pre-race parade that’s as much a part of the experience as the race itself.

Comprising around 160 colorful, often eccentrically shaped vehicles, the caravan entertains the waiting crowds, tossing out promotional items and creating a carnival-like atmosphere.

Christian Prudhomme speaks onstage at the Tour de France 2023 announcement event.
© A.S.O./Maxime Delobel

Behind the Scenes: The Race Organization

Orchestrating the Tour de France is an art form in itself, a complex symphony of careful planning, swift execution, and nimble coordination.

The maestros behind this grand opus are the Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO) and various local French authorities. Their shared goal? To make the transition from one stage to the next as smooth as a perfectly tuned bike chain.

Route planning

Every year, a new route for the tour is selected, carefully balancing the need for exciting race stages, showcasing diverse landscapes, and managing Tour de France logistics.

These routes often include combinations of flat stages, mountain stages, and individual and team time trials, and they traverse through bustling cities and quaint rural villages.

However, the route isn’t selected merely for the thrill of the race.

Logistical constraints play a significant role in this decision-making process. The routes need to be accessible for the teams, support staff, media, and, of course, the spectators.

They also have to accommodate the substantial infrastructure required for the race, from the start and finish line setups to the “Publicity Caravan” and the temporary media centers.

Rest days

The Tour de France usually includes two rest days, providing a much-needed break for the riders.

These days also serve a logistical purpose – they’re often used for long transfers between stages.

For instance, if a mountain stage in the Alps is followed by a flat stage in the western part of France, a rest day allows for the smooth, unhurried transfer of the entire Tour de France caravan.


This involves moving not only the teams and their equipment but also the massive media infrastructure, spectator facilities, and race signage.

Whether it’s by road, train, or even plane, each transfer requires meticulous coordination to ensure everything and everyone is ready for the next stage of the race.

A domestique receives a water bottle from a Tour de France team car.
© A.S.O./Pauline Ballet

Environmental Considerations

In the midst of the excitement, power, and grandeur of the Tour de France, the race organizers are keenly aware of the environmental impact such a large-scale event can have.

As a result, a variety of measures are taken to minimize the event’s footprint, from waste management to eco-friendly initiatives.

Waste management

With millions of spectators lining the route, the potential for litter is immense.

To combat this, the ASO partners with local authorities to deploy waste collection teams that clean up after each stage.

Additionally, spectators are encouraged to take responsibility for their waste, with numerous recycling points provided along the route.

The “Publicity Caravan” too, once notorious for the vast amounts of promotional items it dispersed, now follows stricter guidelines, ensuring that gifts are given directly to the crowd to reduce litter.

Renewable energy

Solar-powered installations are increasingly common in race villages and at finish lines, reducing the event’s reliance on traditional, non-renewable energy sources.


While the fleet of vehicles involved in the Tour is extensive, efforts are made to utilize more efficient vehicles and reduce unnecessary travel.

Some teams have even begun using hybrid or electric vehicles as part of their fleet, setting a trend for greener travel within the race.

Even the routes themselves are chosen with an eye on environmental impact. Certain areas, particularly those with sensitive ecosystems or protected status, are avoided to ensure the race doesn’t harm local flora and fauna.

However, the race inevitably still carries a significant carbon footprint.

A Tour de France team boards a plane.
© A.S.O./Thomas Maheux

Now that you’ve peeked behind the curtain, we’d love to hear your thoughts.

Did you imagine the Tour de France logistics to be this expansive and critical? Were you aware of the myriad constraints the organizers have to navigate to bring this spectacle to life?

Leave a comment below and join the conversation!

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Quentin's background in bike racing runs deep. In his youth, he won the prestigious junior Roc d'Azur MTB race before representing Belgium at the U17 European Championships in Graz, Austria. Shifting to road racing, he then competed in some of the biggest races on the junior calendar, including Gent-Wevelgem and the Tour of Flanders, before stepping up to race Liège-Bastogne-Liège and Paris-Roubaix as an U23. With a breakthrough into the cut-throat environment of professional racing just out of reach, Quentin decided to shift his focus to embrace bike racing as a passion rather than a career. Now writing for BikeTips, Quentin's experience provides invaluable insight into performance cycling - though he's always ready to embrace the fun side of the sport he loves too and share his passion with others.

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